Policy Paper No. 32 - The Government’s Role in the Indonesian Rice Supply Chain
Food Security & Agriculture
In recent years, Indonesia has seen an opposite trend between rice supply and demand. It is predicted that rice consumption is likely to increase along with the growing population, yet rice production has declined. On top of that, the domestic rice distribution system's inefficiencies are regarded as one of the prominent reasons for high rice consumer prices in Indonesia. Despite Bulog's effort to ensure food security in the domestic supply chain, challenges still exist on upstream and downstream levels.
Regulating the number of players in the distribution and processing chain is not an advisable option. In this policy paper, we recommend reforming two keys that can be considered: to redesign Bulog's role to ensure the domestic rice supply chain's efficacy and to ease import restrictions to encourage import competition to benefit from lower global rice prices.
Indeks Bu RT (Indeks Bulanan Rumah Tangga) terbaru ini dirilis khusus di tengah-tengah pandemi COVID-19. Kami membandingan harga pangan di Jakarta, Indonesia, dan empat ibu kota negara di ASEAN; Malaysia, Singapura, Filipina dan Thailand.
Policy Paper No. 31 - Policy Reforms for Safe Online Access to Alcoholic Beverages in Indonesia
Despite low rates of alcohol consumption, the direct sale of alcoholic beverages in Indonesia is highly regulated. Highly restrictive access to recorded alcohol means that consumers tend to turn to cheaper and widely available unrecorded alcohol. The rising trend and importance of the digital economy also means that online sales of alcoholic beverages need informed regulations in place to prevent harm to consumers and reduce illicit alcohol markets. Failing to address the issue adequately would only increase the risk of underage drinking and methanol poisoning to millions of Indonesians.
Instead of banning online sales of alcoholic beverages, a specific regulatory framework should be considered. This policy paper presents four key reforms to address the problem of unrecorded alcohol and make legal alcohol safely available online; regulatory reforms, verification of alcohol merchants for digital sales, ID-checking for age verification, and shifting the liability to the merchants of the e-commerce providers or the intermediaries.
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